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TERATEC 2018 Forum
Workshop 3 - Wednesday, June 20 from 9h00 to 12h30


Scalable Quantum Computing approach at Microsoft
Bernard OURGHANLIAN, Chief Technology & Security Officer, MICROSOFT France

Abstract : Quantum computing promises a revolution in how we solve the world’s most complex problems. Fully realizing this promise requires a scalable quantum solution that anyone can start exploring. In order to reach this goals, Microsoft has started a long journey back in 1997: from breakthroughs in physics and nanomaterials to seamless integration with the Azure Cloud and familiar developer tools, Microsoft has started to pave the way to scalable, accessible quantum computing.
In Physics, breakthroughs in theory have led to breakthroughs in experimental physics and the reality of a path forward for scalable quantum computing. Our approach focuses on topological quantum computing through Majorana fermions, which promise to yield fast, stable quantum bits, also known as qubits.
To achieve our goal, we also started by creating the raw materials necessary to make topological quantum devices. We grew specialized nanowires that can be used to make qubits. We also created atomically thin conducting layers with exotic topological properties using integrated-circuit manufacturing techniques to realize a fully scalable quantum computer. The infrastructure we’ve built allows for the efficient mounting, wiring, and cooling of these devices, which in turn supports rapid prototyping, characterization, and exploration. These devices operate at temperatures almost 200 times colder than the farthest reaches of outer space.
We’ve also designed classical integrated-circuits that run at cryogenic temperatures where standard chips will not operate. We even changed the wiring to handle signals that are in the super-conducting regime. The entire infrastructure is integrated to allow for scalability, including the cooling system itself.
And lastly, to help quantum developers build applications and algorithms, we've designed the “Quantum Development Kit”—a set of enterprise-grade tools to write, debug, and optimize quantum code. Microsoft has been focused on providing an integrated software experience for as long as we’ve been working on the hardware itself, and this kit includes everything you need to get started. Microsoft has also created quantum services in Azure, giving you a fast path from simulation to optimization to deployment on quantum hardware.

Biography : Bernard Ourghanlian joined Microsoft France in 1999 as the Chief Technology Officer and has been appointed as the Chief Technology Officer and Chief Security Officer for Microsoft France since 2001. As a CTO and CSO, Bernard leads the subsidiary’s strategy for Technology and Security. He is also in charge of managing Microsoft France technical risks, especially on large projects and to design, implement and lead all Microsoft France initiatives around security, especially the trustworthy computing initiative. Bernard is a member of the Microsoft France Executive Committee since 2008. He also is a board member of the “Syntec Numérique” board and the chair of the e-Education committee at Syntec Numérique.
In strong partnership with Microsoft France CEO and all the relevant business groups, Bernard Ourghanlian is the Microsoft France spokesperson for technology and innovation, security policy and products, and as such has been interviewed by national press and broadcast, as well as speaking at industry and research events around France and Europe. He has also established strong relationships with the research community and with some key government agencies, including those responsible for public safety and national security. He has also strong links with Microsoft Corporation product engineering and Microsoft Research and actively participates in Microsoft products and solutions design. He is a member of the joint “INRIA-Microsoft Research” research laboratory Executive Committee.
In his last position prior to Microsoft Bernard was the Chief Technical Officer at Digital Equipment Corporation in France where he was in charge of introducing new technologies (Java and Internet, Client/Server Computing, Alpha architecture, new versions of operating systems, High Performance Technical Computing, compilers…) and to develop related new services. He participated to the Alpha architecture design, notably around operating system and compiler support and launched the Alpha Resource Centre in France. Before joining Digital Equipment Bernard was part of one of the first worldwide Magnetic Resonance Imaging design team at Thomson CGR working on computer graphics optimization and systems design.
Bernard Ourghanlian has started his carrier as a teaching and research assistant in Orsay University (France).
Bernard holds a PhD in Mathematics and has authored several articles and books about computer science and mathematics. Bernard also continues to give lectures and training courses in various French universities and schools.

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